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STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

Benjamin Banneker & Ellen Ochoa

benjamin_stamp ochoa_astronaut

Introduction:

Benjamin Banneker was a mathematician, astronomer, author and surveyor who helped to design Washington DC. Ellen Ochoa is an accomplished engineer, mathematician, scientist and astronaut. This unit introduces students to the life and work of Banneker and Ochoa and then expands to explore the contributions of women and people of color to the STEM fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.

OBJECTIVE:
What is your objective?
ACTIVITIES:

Vision Settings

S.W.B.A.T. (Students Will Be Able To)

- Understand the significance of Benjamin Banneker and Ellen Ochoa.

- Recognize the importance of STEM.

- Profile several African Americans, Latinos and Women who are scientists, mathematicians, engineers and inventors.

Activity 1: Explore the life and work of Benjamin Banneker
Activity 2: Explore the life and work of Ellen Ochoa
Activity 3: Learn about various African Americans, Latinos and women who excel in the STEM fields
Activity 4: Discover how women and people of color have vastly contributed to Space exploration
Assessment: K-2 Use art supplies to illustrate an individual excelling in STEM 3-5 & 6-8 Create a brochure that features a notable woman, African American or Latino in STEM
Materials:
  • Computer and Internet Access
  • Projector
  • Art Supplies
  • Internet Accessibility
  • Lap Top
  • Writing Utensils and Notebook Paper
Guiding Questions:
-Who was Benjamin Banneker? Who is Ellen Ochoa? What are the STEM fields? What are some of the contributions African Americans, Latinos and Women have made to the STEM Fields? How have women and people of color all contributed to Space Exploration?

 

Activity #1

Benjamin Banneker was a scientist, inventor, mathematician and advisor to American’s Founding Fathers. In this opening exercise, students will gain greater insight into the life of Benjamin Banneker.

Grades K-2: Students will watch a short cartoon on Banneker.

Grades 3-5: Students will research Banneker’s biography.

Grades 6-8: Students will research Banneker’s biography and also explore Banneker’s political ideas by critiquing his 1792 letter to Thomas Jefferson.

banneker_book banneker_paper
bannker_sign

 

ACTIVITY 1

Grades K-2: Students will watch a short cartoon on Banneker

Grades 3-5: Students will research Banneker’s biography.

Grades 6-8: Students will research Banneker’s biography, explore Banneker’s political ideas by critiquing his 1792 letter to Thomas Jefferson and recreate a letter written from the perspective of Benjamin Banneker.

MATERIALS

  • Overhead Projector
  • Internet Accessibility
  • Computers
  • Writing Utensils
  • Notebook

Online Resource(s):
K-2: Banneker Cartoon

(Biography of Benjamin Banneker)

(Letter from Banneker to Jefferson)

TEACHER ACTIONS

K-2: Teacher will show students the cartoon and then discuss Benjamin Banneker’s achievements.

3-5: Instructor will guide students as they access the biography of Benjamin Banneker online.

6-8: Teacher will have students research Banneker’s life and read a portion of a letter written by Banneker to Thomas Jefferson.
Instructor will also guide students as they recreate the letter in their own words focusing on Banneker’s arguments against slavery, and equality for African Americans.

STUDENT ACTIONS

K-2: Students will watch a short cartoon and discuss the life of Benjamin Banneker.

3-5: Students will research Banneker’s biography.

6-8: Students will research Banneker’s biography, critique his political correspondence with Thomas Jefferson and rewrite the letter in their own words.

COMMON CORE:
RI.K.2-RI.5.2

With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

W.6.4
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

W.6.3.d

Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events.


 

ochoa_profile

Activity #2

Dr. Ellen Ochoa truly excels in all areas of STEM! She is an accomplished mathematician, inventor, engineer, scientist, and a veteran astronaut who engages cutting-edge technology everyday in her role as Director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center. In this activity:

Grades K-2:
Students will watch an online reading of the picture book, Ellen Ochoa -Astronaut by Janet Michaels and then participate in a classroom discussion to discuss what they have learned.

Grades 3-5 & 6-8:
Students will conduct web research and then create a detailed story that describes how the STEM relates to a “Day in the Life” of Ellen Ochoa.

nasa_act2 creative_writing_act2 students_act2
ACTIVITY 2

Grades K-2: Students will watch a video to learn about the life and work of Ellen Ochoa.

Grades 3-5 & 6-8: Students will research the life and work of Ellen Ochoa via the websites provided in the Materials column. Students will then create a story that describes the various was that STEM impacts “A Day in the Life of Ellen Ochoa.”

MATERIALS

  • Overhead Projector
  • Internet Accessibility
  • Computers
  • Writing Utensils
  • Notebook

Online Resource(s):

Grades K-2
Ellen Ochoa, Astronaut picture book by Janet Michaels

Grades 3-5 & 6-8
Ellen Ochoa, Biography.com

Women in Space & Ellen Ochoa

NASA – Ellen Ochoa

TEACHER ACTIONS
Grades K-2:
Teacher will guide Students as they watch and discuss a video on Ellen Ochoa.

Grades 3-5 & 6-8:
The Teacher will instruct student to generate a story that describes how STEM impacts “A Day in the life” of Ellen Ochoa.”

The instructor should inform the students that their stories should include sensory details, the elements of plot and a cohesive flow.

Teacher will guide the students while they are writing, reminding the class that they should keep the following questions in mind:
What challenges does Ochoa face in her role as Director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center?

How does knowledge of the STEM fields enable Ochoa to do her job?

STUDENT ACTIONS
Grades K-2:
Students will sit attentively and watch a video about the life and work of Ellen Ochoa. Students will then discuss what they have learned.

Grades 3-5 & 6-8:
Students will craft a story that describes a “Day in the Life of Ellen Ochoa.” Student should include their understanding of the importance of knowledge in the STEM fields to Ochoa’s work.

COMMON CORE:
W.K.3-W.8.3
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

W.3.3d-W.8.3.d

Use precise words and phrases, telling details, and sensory language to convey a vivid picture of the experiences, events, setting, and/or characters.


 

biztech_act3
stem_act3

Activity #3

Throughout American History, people of color and women have made great contributions to the STEM fields. In this activity, students will learn about African Americans, Latinos and women who are Scientists and Inventors.

Grades: K-2
Students will learn about the contributions of African American, Latino and women Inventors.

Grades 3-5:
Students will explore online sources on African Americans, women and Latinos in science.

Grades 6-8:
Students will research two scientists, compile their information and present their findings to the class.

topten_act3 lat_inventors

 

ACTIVITY 3

Grades K-2: Create a list of showcasing various African American and Latino scientists and inventors.

Grades 3-5:
Utilize the online materials to research and discuss African American, Latino and women Scientists and Inventors.

Grades 6-8:
Research two of the Scientists and Inventors featured in the Online Resources and present findings to the class.

MATERIALS

  • Overhead Projector
  • Internet Accessibility
  • Computers
  • Writing Utensils
  • Notebook

Online Resource(s):

African-American Scientists
 
Black Scientists -History Makers

Female Scientists–Smithsonian

Mothers of Technology: 10 Women Who Invented and Innovated in Tech

Are Hispanics America’s Next Great STEM Innovators?

Latino Scientists

Famous Hispanic Inventors

Hispanic Heritage and Inventors

TEACHER ACTIONS

K-2: Using the Online Resources as a guide, the instructor will help Students prepare a list, by category of African Americans, Latinos and women in the sciences. Teacher will then show the students how scientist and inventors are capable of crossing the multiple categories.

3-5: Teacher will guide students as they conduct research on and discuss the Scientists and Inventors provided in the Online Resources.

6-8: Teacher will guide students as they choose two Scientists or Inventors from the Online Resources to research. Teacher will facilitate student presentations to the class.

NOTE – Additional resources can be found on the History Makers website listed in the Materials column.

STUDENT ACTIONS

K-2: With teacher assistance, students will create a list showcasing different scientists and inventors and detailing the various categories of their work.

3-5: Students will conduct online research and participate in a classroom discussion to become familiar with the contributions of African American, Latino, and Female Scientists.

6-8: Students will research two of the Scientists or Inventors from the Online Materials and give a dynamic presentation of their findings.

COMMON CORE:
SL.K.4-SL.8.4

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task


mae_jemison_

Activity #4

Grades K-2, 3-5 & 6-8:
In this activity, students will discover that that men and women of various ethnic groups from all around the world have contributed to space exploration. Students will watch video clips about these intrepid explorers.

ellen_ochoa_act4
jose_h_act4 liu_yang_act4 valentina_act4
ACTIVITY 4

K-2, 3-5 & 6-8:
Explore online sources that highlight various Astronauts.

MATERIALS

  • Overhead Projector
  • Internet Accessibility
  • Computers
  • Writing Utensils
  • Notebook

Online Resource(s):

Mae Jemison Clip

Ellen Ochoa Clip

Liu Yang clip
 
Story of Jose Hernandez

Valentina Tereskova

TEACHER ACTIONS

All Grades:

Teacher will explain that many ethnicities are represented in the history of space exploration. And use the links provided to show clips documenting the achievements of various astronauts.

STUDENT ACTIONS
All Grades:

Students will develop an appreciation of the contributions of women and people of color to the field of Space Exploration.

COMMON CORE:

RI.K.7-RI.8.7
Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums (e.g., a person’s life story in both print and multimedia), determining which details are emphasized in each account


 

women_act5
maes_act5
beaker_act5

Assessment

The previous activities exposed students to the STEM fields and introduced a plethora of African Americans, Latinos and women excelling in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

In this Unit Assessment:
K-2 students will create a drawing of a particular scientist, inventor or astronaut covered in this lesson and discuss their importance.

3-5 & 6-8: Students will create a brochure detailing the inventions or contributions of one of the inventors, mathematicians, engineers or scientists detailed in this Unit.

Or Students can create a brochure highlighting the contributions of a woman in various fields of STEM.

The brochures should include visual aids that highlight the individual, and their invention or details their contributions to STEM.

worldchanging_act5

ASSESSMENT

K-2: Students will create a drawing of a particular scientist, inventor or astronaut covered in this lesson and discuss their importance.

3-5 & 6-8: Create a brochure featuring the invention, contributions or life of a particular scientist, inventor or astronaut from this unit or detailing the contributions of a particular woman in STEM.

The brochure should include visual aids that highlight the individual and their invention or detail their contributions.

MATERIALS

  • Overhead Projector
  • Internet Accessibility
  • Computers
  • Writing Utensils
  • Notebook

Online Resource(s):

Brochure Template

Rubric

TEACHER ACTIONS

K-2: Teacher will help students pick a particular scientist, inventor or astronaut covered in this lesson. And guide them as they draw a picture of that individual.

3-5 & 6-8: Teacher will guide students as they research a notable African American inventor or woman in science.

Instructor will help the students compile their findings in the form of a brochure.

Note – A downloadable Brochure Template is included in the Materials column.

STUDENT ACTIONS

K-2: Students will utilize their artistic skills to create a drawing of one of the Scientists, Inventor s or Astronauts covered in this unit. Students should be able to discuss who the person is and what STEM field they work in.

3-5 & 6-8: Students will create a brochure that highlights the invention, contributions or life of a particular scientist, inventor or astronaut from this unit. OR Students can create a brochure detailing a notable woman who has excelled in a particular STEM field.

COMMON CORE:

W.K.1-W.2.1

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is…).

W.3.8-W.8.8

Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

 

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